Dramatic effect of curvature on motion of chiral domain walls
- Datum: 24.04.2019
- Uhrzeit: 16:00
- Vortragende(r): Chirag Garg
- IBM Research Almaden
- Ort: Max-Planck-Institut für Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, 06120 Halle (Saale)
- Raum: Lecture Hall, B.1.11
Current-driven motion of domain walls (DW)  is one of the most exciting avenues of research in spintronics with applications in memory and logic. Although, current-driven motion of DWs has been an intensive area of research for more than a decade, most of the experiments to date have focused on straight nanowires. Only recently has it been realized that the curvature of a nanowire can play an important role in the motion of chiral DWs . Here we show that a chiral DW travelling along a curved path speeds up or slows down compared to its motion in a straight wire. The increase or decrease in speed depends on the sign of curvature or the configuration of DW and the difference in speeds can reach a factor of 10. While this property of DWs can potentially be useful for devices, it poses a significant problem to the operation of DW-based devices such as the racetrack memory which depend on the lock-step motion of DWs. This problem is eliminated in magnetic nanowires made out of synthetic antiferromagnetic structures (SAF) consisting of two magnetic sub-layers coupled via the exchange-coupling interaction. The adjoining DWs in such structures move at the same speeds as they do in a straight wire, thus reinforcing the attractiveness of a SAF structure for DW-based devices.
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