Flow-induced crystallization of engineering thermoplastics


  • Datum: 06.11.2019
  • Uhrzeit: 16:15
  • Vortragende(r): Prof. Dr. Ralph H. Colby
  • Pennsylvania State University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering
  • Ort: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Institut für Physik, Theodor-Lieser-Str. 9, 06120 Halle
  • Raum: Jacob-Volhard-Hörsaal
  • Gastgeber: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
Flow-induced crystallization of engineering thermoplastics

Brief intervals of shear flow at rates exceeding the reciprocal of the relevant local relaxation time of the longest chains create precursors that nucleate orders of magnitude more crystals. This changes the morphology from the typical ~30 spherulites to far smaller ~1 crystallites, ultimately leading to much improved mechanical properties. These precursors are very stable, enabling the effects of well controlled shear in a rheometer to be studied using polarized optical microscopy, AFM, X-ray scattering, DSC and fast scanning chip calorimetry. These methods are applied to isotactic polypropylene, polyamide 66 and poly(ether ether ketone) to identify which aspects of flow-induced crystallization are universal and which are polymer-specific.

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