Self-healing materials by chemical design: transforming mechanical energy into chemical responses

Tutorial

  • Date: Jan 16, 2019
  • Time: 16:00 - 18:00
  • Speaker: Prof. Wolfgang H. Binder
  • MLU, Halle
  • Location: Max-Planck-Institut für Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, 06120 Halle (Saale)
  • Room: Lecture Hall, B.1.11
  • Host: IMPRS-STNS
Self-healing materials by chemical design: transforming mechanical energy into chemical responses

Self-healing and self-restoration are among the most important and widely present features in living systems. Thus Nature can heal many mechanically or chemically damaged materials autonomously, applying complex biochemical healing-principles. In contrast, when synthetic materials break, they usually will not heal without external input of energy, such as heating (thermal) or light (photo-reactions). Implementing autonomous self-healing properties into materials therefore represents a significant challenge for a materials scientist.


In this lecture I will present chemical principles to introduce self-healing properties into polymeric materials. Firstly, principles of supramolecular chemistry can introduce dynamic and adaptive properties into a polymer, subsequently able to self-heal autonomously (without external stimulus). Nanoscaled clusters of hydrogen bonds are active in such self-restoration of material properties, able to dynamically reorganize after brake. Secondly, “click”-chemistry can be used to enable a triggered healing response, induced by direct mechanical coupling to a catalytic system, which can transform mechanical energy into a subsequent chemical reaction.

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